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Infants with Prenatal Substance Exposure

pregnancyEach year, an estimated 15 percent of infants are affected by prenatal alcohol or illicit drug exposure. Prenatal exposure to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs has the potential to cause a wide spectrum of physical and developmental challenges for these infants. There is also potential for ongoing challenges in the stability and well-being of infants who have been prenatally exposed, and their families if substance use disorders are not addressed with appropriate treatment and long-term recovery support. The intersection of pregnancy and substance use creates a need for a collaborative approach among medical, substance use, child welfare, and early childhood providers to address the multifaceted needs of the mother, infant, and family. Coordinated services and early intervention for pregnant women with substance use disorders and their infants are critical in preparing families for optimal bonding, health, and well-being.

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    • On the Ground: How States Are Addressing Plans of Safe Care for Infants with Prenatal Substance Exposure and Their Families
      On the Ground: How States Are Addressing Plans of Safe Care for Infants with Prenatal Substance Exposure and Their Families(PDF 452 KB)

      National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare, 2019

      This technical assistance tool provides on-the-ground examples from states across the country that have implemented comprehensive approaches to Plans of Safe Care (POSC) for Infants with Prenatal Substance Exposure (IPSE) and their families and caregivers. These concrete examples can help states and agencies consider practice and policy systems changes to best serve these families in their own communities.

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